What are the main political parties in Canada?

There are some flaws in Canadian political system which needs immediate attention. For instance, there is no connection between federal and provincial political parties which means that there are political issues which arise as a result. Having same names never mean that the ideology is as well. There is only one political party in Canada which is very strongly connected to its provincial branches. It is the New Democratic Party. The political or ideological differences in parties also lead to results which could be fatal. Though such situation has never arisen there is no exception to this. The crown, as well as the Prime Minister, should take care of the issue. Some of the famous political parties in Canada are as follows. These are registered with Election Canada or Election Commission of Canada as well:

Liberal Party of Canada

Liberal Party of Canada Leader Justin Trudeau

It is the current largest political party of Canada when it comes to the number of MPs. There are 183 MPs of this party in Canadian Federal Parliament and 19 senators. Justin Trudeau is the current head of the Liberal Party of Canada. The main ideology of this party is liberalism in every walk of life. From political to social aspects this party has always raised slogans of liberalism. It was founded in 1867 and Anna Gainey is the current president. It is the largest political party in the country and it is worth mentioning that Justin Trudeau is the current and 23rd Prime Minister of Canada.

Conservative Party of Canada

Though it was found in 2003 the party enjoys immense support in Canada. It has 39 senators in Parliament which are highest. The ideology of Conservative Party of Canada is mixed which means that they stand for conservatism in general but at the same time they also ask for economic liberalism. The total number of MPs in the parliament is 99 which is second highest after Liberals. Andrew Scheer is the current leader of the party. The total number of registered members is approx. 250,000+ and increasing. Scott Lamb is the current president of this party.

Conservative Party of Canada Leader Andrew Scheer

Bloc Québécois

Bloc Québécois leader Martine Ouellet

It is the fourth largest party of Canada with 10 MPs in the parliament. It is a well-known fact that the Quebec is asking for the referendum for freedom and this party stands for it. In addition to this, the social democracy is another part of their overall ideology. Martine Ouellet is the current leader of this party. Mario Beaulieu is the president. The party once enjoyed immense support in Canada but there it has been plummeted due to lack of organization. Still, this party managed to get around 825,000+ votes in last general elections.

New Democratic Party

Founded in 1961 New Democratic Party is the third largest party with respect to the number of MPs in Parliament. Tom Mulcair is the current leader of the party and Robert Fox is the national director. Social democracy is the main ideology of the party. There is a total of 44 MPs of the party in Canadian Federal parliament which is a healthy number. The party has a membership number of around 125,000.

NDP Leader Thomas Mulcair

Political system in Canada: basics

Canada is one of the largest and strongest economies of the world. It simply means that political issues here affect the rest of the world and its leaders. Here the politicians have to make sure that such steps are taken which make this country politically strong. Canada has a parliamentary system. The elected members of parliament are known as MPs. All these MPs must be related to a specific political party. The party which has the highest number of members in the parliament has the right to get their Prime Minister chaired. The Prime Minister of Canada is the head of state. Every government related department eventually reports him.

Current Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau

The second aspect of the politics of Canada is a constitutional monarchy. Here the Queen Elizabeth II is the head of the state. For each province there are is a Governor General appointed by the Queen. In this manner, the Queen ensures that her political grip remains strong. The Governor Generals report the Queen about any developments and hence also serve as political advisors.  For all the Governor Generals of Canada, there is a head known as the Governor General of Canada. This person takes care of look after the state affairs for the queen. In Canadian political system, the Queen is regarded as the head of state. The viceroy also knew as Governor General of Canada is the second highest place in Canadian political system.

Queen Elizabeth II

The best part is that the executive powers do not lay with the queen. It means that the multiparty political system which runs in the country fosters democracy. These powers lie with the Canadian Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is also known as the head of the government. The viceroy of the state is always appointed on the advice of the prime minister. The term of the state Viceroy is not specific however it is 5 years in general. At the end of elections, the prime minister is nominated by the governor general. The provincial governments in Canada are autonomous not constitutionally but on the orders of the crown. There are total 11 sovereign crowns in Canada, 10 provincial and one central also known as federal. Most of the Canadian laws are made by House of Commons which is also known as the Parliament.

House of Commons

Here the representations are always elected through elections which mean common Canadians. The laws which are made by House of Commons are not immediately implemented. These laws and rules are reviewed by the Senate. Once the Senate approves the laws these are immediately implemented. The senators come from all corners of the country. It is the sole discretion of the Prime Minister to choose senators. The best parts of Canadian political system are:

  • Fostering a very strong Federation
  • Democracy

There are many issues over the period of time which has been faced by the nation. From Federation point of view, there was no opposition. When it comes to democracy the free and fair elections in the country make sure that democracy is never derailed. Quality is the center point of the political system which makes Canada the fastest growing economies of the world.